Automated beds have been around since the 19th century. Today, progressive technology with all its bells and whistles has spurred the evolution of different types of innovative hospital beds.

The introduction of lightweight bodies, automatic height and position adjustability, and storage compartments have made automated beds a necessity, the world over. Here is a list of the variety of beds in use.

Different methods to innovate the automated beds :

• The catch bed is a crank model, still used in some nursing homes and medical clinics today. There is a row of three cranks at the footboard to raise and lower the bed in several positions. Since the catch bed doesn’t run on electricity, a patient cannot adjust his comfort without calling a nurse.

• The beds most common in hospitals today are electric. Buttons on the side rails control the bed’s positions, making it easy for the patient to adjust without having to call the nurse’s station.

• Stretchers are for mobility. EMTs can transfer a patient from the scene of an accident to an ambulance to the emergency room, or directly to the operating room thanks to folding legs.

• Lower beds are designed specifically for patients who may fall off the bed and injure themselves, even when using side rails. They are set from 8-24 inches off the ground, with options to raise or lower the head and foot.

• A low air loss bed meant for burn patients and those with skin grafts. Air is blown into cushioned sacs within the mattress, keeping patients cool and dry while they heal from pressure ulcers.

• A circa-electric bed stands used for patients in traction who must remain changed every two hours. The bed rotates inside circular bars, protecting patients with severe burns or spinal injuries.

• A Clinitron bed is for patients with pressure ulcers, skin grafts, or burns.The mattress is made up of sand-like material, with dry, warm air circulating. That helps support a body’s weight evenly, eliminating sore spots.

• Joerns’ Dolphin Fluid Immersion Simulation (FIS) System is unique in that it mimics buoyancy to maximise a patient’s blood flow. Bed automatically adjusts when the patient is in bed. A caregiver can easily adjust the firmness with a press of a button.

The Dolphin FIS System is powered through a plug-in connection but has a 12-hour backup battery to ensure continued therapeutic support in the event of a power outage or bed transport.

Other types are like therapeutic beds, including ICU beds, birthing beds, paediatric beds, bariatric beds, and support surfaces. But other markets such as spas, physical therapy, and athletic rejuvenation clinics are continuing to grow.

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